The Relationship between Female Labour Force Participation and Fertility Rate: Empirical Evidence from Malaysia

Amy Faizah Nain


This study examines the relationship between Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and Female Labour Force Participation Rate (FLFPR) during the period 1990 to 2013 in Malaysia. The data collected based on secondary data. The analysing refers to unit root test, simple regression, Johansen Cointegration, and Granger causality test. The results confirm there is a negative relationship between TFR and FLFPR. However, TFR shows rapidly decreasing each year. Meanwhile, the result from the Johansen Cointegration test shows long run relationship between TFR and FLFPR. Furthermore, Granger causality shows that TFR do give impact to FLFPR. Therefore, policy implication provided base on our results. The government needs to provide more suitable facilities for female employment especially mother who in career.


Total Fertility Rate; Female Labour Force Participation Rare; Unit root test; Simple regression; Johansen cointegration test; Granger causality test

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