Effects of 12-Week Rowing Training on Resting Cardiac Output, Stroke Volume, and Heart Rate of Stroke Survivors

  • Melvina Marvin Chong Sport Science Department, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah
  • Jonatan Bin Jesus
  • Mollyanna Peter
  • Florence J. E. Lajangan
  • Liong Kum Peik
  • Zuliana Binti Bacho
  • Khin Nyein Yin
  • Aza Sherin Binti Mohammad Yusuff
  • Ping-Chin Lee
  • Aminuddin Abdul Hamid Karim
  • D. Maryama Ag. Daud

Abstract

Rowing exercise is one of the cardiorespiratory exercises that induce higher aerobic capacity. Cardiorespiratory parameters, cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV), and heart rate (HR) are indicators to measure one’s cardiorespiratory fitness. The aim was to study the effects of 12-week rowing training on resting cardiac output (RCO), resting stroke volume (RSV), and resting heart rate (RHR) of stroke survivors. Ten stroke survivors (6 males; 4 females), mean age of 43.6 ± 16.15 years, were subjected to a 12-week rowing training (Concept II Rowing Ergometer, Model C, USA). An individualised programme was prescribed based on %HRR for each of stroke individual. Rowing training was conducted twice per week (12 HIIT; 12 MR). Paired t-test and repeated measures ANOVA (RPM ANOVA) were used for statistical analyses using IBM® SPSS® Statistics 20 software. RPM ANOVA analysis showed no significant effect on RCO [F (5, 45) = 1.066, p = 0.392, RSV [F (2.188, 19.693) = 0.677, p = 0.532)], and RHR [F (5, 45) = 0.856, p = 0.518]. Paired t-test showed no significant difference between pre- and posttest despite the improved values of Mean ± Standard Deviation (RCO: 8129.50 ± 3916.31 to 8494.18 ± 6248.86 mL/min; RSV: 99.27 ± 33.98 to 121.84 ± 66.24 mL; RHR: 78.02 ± 17.39 to 77.17 ± 11.98 bpm) for all respective parameters. Twelve weeks rowing training did not improve resting cardiorespiratory parameters of stroke survivors statistically. Future studies are suggested to include gender difference and medication effect variables.

Author Biographies

Melvina Marvin Chong, Sport Science Department, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah

Sports Science Department, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Jonatan Bin Jesus

Sports Science Department, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Mollyanna Peter

Sports Science Department, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Florence J. E. Lajangan

Sports Science Department, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Liong Kum Peik

Sports Science Department, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Zuliana Binti Bacho

Sports Science Department, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Khin Nyein Yin

Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Aza Sherin Binti Mohammad Yusuff

Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Ping-Chin Lee

Biotechnology Programme, Faculty of Science and Natural Resources, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Aminuddin Abdul Hamid Karim

Faculty of Medicine and Defence Health, National Defence University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 

D. Maryama Ag. Daud

Sports Science Department, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Physical Fitness Rehab Centre, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Published
2018-09-28
How to Cite
Chong, M., Jesus, J., Peter, M., Lajangan, F., Kum Peik, L., Bacho, Z., Nyein Yin, K., Mohammad Yusuff, A. S., Lee, P.-C., Hamid Karim, A., & Ag. Daud, D. M. (2018). Effects of 12-Week Rowing Training on Resting Cardiac Output, Stroke Volume, and Heart Rate of Stroke Survivors. Borneo Journal of Medical Sciences (BJMS), 12(3), 19-27. Retrieved from https://jurcon.ums.edu.my/ojums/index.php/bjms/article/view/1143