Assessment of Fresh Semen Quality of Domesticated Banteng (Bos Javanicus D’alton, 1823) in Sabah, Malaysia

Authors

  • Mohd Iswadi Ismail Agro-Biotechnology Institute, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, P.O Box 341, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Fazly Ann Zainalabidin Agro-Biotechnology Institute, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, P.O Box 341, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Hafiz Mail Agro-Biotechnology Institute, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, P.O Box 341, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Siti Romaino Mohd Nor Agro-Biotechnology Institute, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, P.O Box 341, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Loo Shu San Agro-Biotechnology Institute, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, P.O Box 341, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Fahrul Firdaus Jaffar Agro-Biotechnology Institute, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, P.O Box 341, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Punimin Abdullah Department of Veterinary Services and Animal Industry (DVSAI), Wisma Sabah Agriculture, Lake Road, Luyang (Off Jln Gaya College), Locked Bag 2051, 88999 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Daud Yusof Department of Veterinary Services and Animal Industry (DVSAI), Wisma Sabah Agriculture, Lake Road, Luyang (Off Jln Gaya College), Locked Bag 2051, 88999 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Abd Wahid Haron Taman Pertanian Universiti / University Agriculture Park, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia 4Strategic Livestock Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Abas Mazni Othman Present address: Veterinary Research Institute, Department of Veterinary Services, 59, Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 31400 Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Keywords:

Banteng, Bali cattle, semen quality

Abstract

Banteng cattle have been domesticated in several places in the Southeast Asia. A domesticated form of Banteng, called ‘Bali cattle’ considered to be the same species and occurs widely in Indonesia and has been introduced to other areas of the world. Banteng cattle were classified as endangered species by IUCN Red List. In the past few years an effort has been made by Department of Veterinary Services and Animal Industry (DVSAI) Sabah, Malaysia in Banteng research for conservation and breeding program purposes. Electroejaculation technique was applied on fifteen Banteng cattle for semen collection. Collected fresh semen then analyzed for semen volume, pH, sperm concentration and motility. The objective of this study was to determine the fresh semen quality of domesticated Banteng cattle reared in Sabah, Malaysia. Results in this study show the semen volume was between 2.2 to 11.5 ml (mean; 6.28±2.3 ml), pH 6.63 to 7.48 (mean;7.01±0.24), sperm concentration between 30 to 470 x 106 sperm/ml (mean; 266 x 106 sperm/ml) and sperm motility between 10 to 70% (mean; 56.08±16.72 %). We conclude that data generated in this study were useful and important hedge against the complete loss of threatened populations of Banteng cattle, in making the decision for conservation and breeding program where the sources were very limited.

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