Length-Weight Relationships and Condition Factors of Kawakawa Euthynnus affinis and Longtail Tuna Thunnus tonggol from Sarawak, Malaysia

Authors

  • Jamil Musel* Fisheries Research Institute, Sarawak and Labuan Division, FRI Bintawa, Jalan Perbadanan, Peti Surat 2243, 93744, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia (*Corresponding Author: deemsebakau@gmail.com)
  • Arfaezah Anuar Fisheries Research Institute, Sarawak and Labuan Division, FRI Bintawa, Jalan Perbadanan, Peti Surat 2243, 93744, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Siti Norasiah Darahman Fisheries Research Institute, Sarawak and Labuan Division, FRI Bintawa, Jalan Perbadanan, Peti Surat 2243, 93744, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Richard Rumpet Fisheries Research Institute, Sarawak and Labuan Division, FRI Bintawa, Jalan Perbadanan, Peti Surat 2243, 93744, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51200/bjomsa.v7i.3304

Keywords:

Tuna fisheries, Euthynnus affinis, Thunnus tonggol, FiSAT, allometric growth, Sarawak

Abstract

Length-weight relationships (LWR) and condition factors (K) were determined for two neritic tuna species Euthynnus affinis and Thunnus tonggol, caught in Sarawak waters. Specimens were collected from five locations around Sarawak between 2016-2019. The r2 value of the LWR for each species re both close to 1 (>0.9),  indicating a highly significant relationship attributed to the length and weight of the fish species . The K values are 1.94 and 1.97, and the values of b in the LW equation are 2.53 and 2.59 for E. affinis and T. tonggol, respectively. The b<3 values indicates negative allometric growth patterns, where the growth rate of body length is faster than the weight gain.  These values fall within the published range of 2.50 to 3.50 for neritic tuna species in the region. The results of this study provide the basic life history parameters and the general condition of the two species, E. affinis and T. tonggol, useful for our tuna fish stock assessment efforts in Sarawak waters.

References

Abdussamad, E. M., Koya, K. P. Said., Ghosh, Shubhadeep., Pratibha, Rohit., Joshi, K. K., Manojkumar, B., Prakasan, D., Kemparaju, S., Elayath, M. N. K., Dhokia, H. K., Sebastine, Manju., & Bineesh, K. K. (2012). Fishery, biology and population characteristics of Longtail Tuna, Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker, 1851) Caught Along the Indian Coast. Indian Journal of Fisheries 59(2), 7–16. https://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=AV2012092424

Ahmad Adnan, N., Sallehudin, J., Effarina, M. F., & Samsudin, B. (2015). Neritic tuna fishery and some biological aspect in west coast of Peninsular Malaysia (IOTC-2015-WPNT05-10). Meeting documents. Working Party on Neritic Tunas (WPNT), Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC). https://www.iotc.org/sites/default/files/documents/2015/05/IOTC-2015-WPNT0510_-_Neritic_Tuna_Fishery_Malaysia.pdf

Agustina, M., Jatmiko, I., & Sulistyaningsih, R. K. (2018). Pola pertumbuhan dan faktor kondisi Tongkol Komo, Euthynnus affinis (Cantor, 1849) di perairan Tanjung Luar Nusatenggara Barat. BAWAL 10(3), 179–185. http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/bawal.10.3.2018.179-185 [Editorial note: Article in Indonesian with the English title “Growth Pattern and Condition Factor of Kawakawa, Euthynnus affinis (Cantor 1849) in Tanjung Luar Waters West Nusa Tenggara”].

Asadi, H., Sattari, M., Motalebi, Y., Zamani-Faradonbeh, M., & Gheytasi, A. (2017). Length-weight relationship and condition factor of seven fish species from Shahrbijar River, Southern Caspian Sea Basin, Iran. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 16(2), 733–741. http://hdl.handle.net/1834/37843

Binohlan, C., & Froese, R. (2009). Empirical equations for estimating maximum length from length at first maturity. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 25(5), 611–613. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01317.x

Collette, B. B., & Nauen, C. E. (1983). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. i-vii, 137p. ISBN 9251013810.

Darvishi, M., Paighambari, S. Y., Ghorbani, A. R., & Kaymaram, F. (2018). Population assessment and yield per recruit of Longtail Tuna (Thunnus tonggol) in Northern of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea (Iran, Hormozgan Province). Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 17(4), 776–789. https://doi.org/10.22092/ijfs.2018.116992

DOFM (Department of Fisheries Malaysia). (2021). Perangkaan Tahunan Perikanan 2021 (Jilid I). https://www.dof.gov.my/sumber/perangkaan-perikanan-i/

DOSM (Department of Statistics Malaysia). (2021). Labour Market Review. https://www.dosm.gov.my/portal-main/publication?search_keyword=labour&search_month=&search_year=&page=1&per-page=10.

Effarina, M. F., Sallehudin, J., Noorul Azliana, J., & Noor Hanis, A. H. (2019). Status of neritic tuna fishery and some biological aspects of Kawakawa (Euthynnus affinis) in the Northern Part of Peninsular Malaysia (IOTC-2019-WPNT09-13). Meeting documents. Working Party on Neritic Tunas (WPNT), Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC). https://www.iotc.org/sites/default/files/documents/2019/06/IOTC-2019-WPNT09_13_-_Malaysia_Fishery.pdf.

Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationships: History, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 22, 241-253. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00805.x

Gambang, A. C., Rajali, H., & Awang, D. (2003). Overview of biology and exploitation of the small pelagic fish resources of the EEZ of Sarawak, Malaysia. National Fisheries Symposium, Kelantan, Kota Bharu. 18p. Available from http://www1.sarawak.com.my/org/frisb/publication/pelagic2003.pdf

Goh, E. V., Ali, S. A., Mitra, S. R., & McCullough, F. (2021). Understanding the patterns of fish and seafood consumption and their nutritional roles among a selected population in Malaysia to inform sustainable development. Asia Pacific Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy 9(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.36782/apjsafe.v9i1.86

Griffiths, S. P., Zischke, M. T., Van Der Velde, T., & Fry, G. C. (2019). Reproductive biology and estimates of length and age at maturity of Longtail Tuna (Thunnus tonggol) in Australian waters based on histological assessment. Marine and Freshwater Research 70(10), 1419–1426. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF18469

Hadil, R. (2007). Sarawak purse seine fishery: The dynamics of Decapterus maruadsi, Rastrelliger brachysoma and Rastrelliger kanagurta. Malaysian Fisheries Journal 6(1), 1–15.

Hidayat, T., & Noegroho, T. (2018). Biologi reproduksi Ikan Tongkol Abu-Abu (Thunnus tonggol) di Perairan Laut Cina Selatan. BAWAL 10(1), 17–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/bawal.10.1.2018.17-28 [Editorial note: Article in Indonesian with the English title “Reproductive Biology of Longtail Tuna (Thunnus tonggol) in the South China Sea”].

Hidayat, T., Boer, M., Kamal, M. M., Zairion., & Suman, A. (2020). Reproductive biology of Longtail Tuna (Thunnus tonggol) in the Java Sea. Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal 26(2), 119. http://ejournal-balitbang.kkp.go.id/index.php/ifrj/article/view/8803

JPLS (Jabatan Perikanan Laut Sarawak). (2018). Sektor Perikanan Tangkapan. http://jpls.dof.gov.my/sarawak.php/pages/view/2897

Jalil., Mallawa, A., Amir, F., & Safruddin (2020). Size composition and length-weight relationships of the Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares) in Bone Bay. E3S Web of Conferences 153. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202015301006

Jisr, N., Younes, G., Sukhn, C., & El-Dakdouki, M. H. (2018). Length-weight relationships and relative condition factor of fish inhabiting the marine area of the Eastern Mediterranean City, Tripoli-Lebanon. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research 44, 299–305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2018.11.004

Malay Mail. (2020). Self-sufficiency level of fish resources at 92 pc, says minister. https://www.malaymail.com/news/malaysia/2020/07/28/self-sufficiency-level-of-fish-resources-at-92pc-says-minister/1888958. Retrieved on 25 January 2022.

Mariasingarayan, Y., Danaraj, J., Vajravelu, M., Mayakrishnan, M., & Ayyappan, S. (2018). Length-weight relationship and relative condition factor of Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares) from Parangipettai Coast, southeast coast of India. Zoology and Ecology 28(2), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1080/21658005.2018.1455319

Mohamad Radhi, A., Nurul Fazlinda, M. F., Amal, M. N. A., & Rohasliney, H. (2017). A review of length-weight relationships of freshwater fishes in Malaysia. Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research 20(1), 55–68. https://doi.org/10.1515/trser-2018-0005

Prasetyo, E., Saputra, S. W., & Boesono, H. (2019). The biological aspects of Mackerel Tuna (Euthynnus affinis) and the technical aspects of the millennium gillnet fishing in the Estuary of Pati Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences 89(5), 13–17. https://doi.org/10.18551/rjoas.2019-05.02

Quinn II, T. J., and Deriso, R. B. (1999). Quantitative fish dynamics. Oxford University Press.

Ricker, W. E., & Carter, N. M. (eds.) (1958). Handbook of Computations for Biological Statistics of Fish Populations (Bulletin No. 119). Fisheries Research Board of Canada. 301p.

Risti, N. M., Dewiyanti, I., & Nurfadillah, N. (2019). Hubungan panjang-berat dan kebiasaan makan ikan Tongkol Abu-Abu (Thunnus tonggol) di Perairan Kabupaten Aceh Barat Daya. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan dan Perikanan Unsyiah 4(3), 170–176. https://jim.usk.ac.id/fkp/article/download/13825/5790 [Editorial note: Article in Indonesian with the English title “Length-weight Rrelationship and Feeding Habits of Longtail Tuna (Thunnus tonggol) in Aceh Barat Daya waters”].

Rohit, P., Chellappan, A., Abdusssamad, E. M., Joshi, K. K., Koya, K. P. S., Sivadas, M., Ghosh, S., A. Rathinam, A. M. M. R., Kemparaju, S., Dhokia, H. K., Prakasan, D., & Beni, N. (2012). Fishery and bionomics of the Little Tuna, Euthynnus affinis (Cantor, 1849) exploited from Indian Waters. Indian Journal Fisheries, 59(3), 33–42. http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/9104

Sallehudin, J., Effarina, M. F., Noor Hanis, A. H., Tengku Balkis, T. S., & Nor Azlin, M. (2019). Malaysia national report to the scientific committee of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission 2019 (IOTC-2019-SC22-NR15). National Reports. Scientific Committee (SC), Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC). https://www.iotc.org/sites/default/files/documents/2019/11/IOTC-2019-SC22-NR15.pdf

Sallehudin, J., Effarina, M. F., & Samsudin, B. (2016). Fishery, biology and population characteristics of Kawakawa in Perlis the West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia (IOTC-2016-WPNT06-15). Meeting documents. Working Party on Neritic Tunas (WPNT), Indian Ocean Tuna Commission. https://www.iotc.org/sites/default/files/documents/2016/06/IOTC-2016-WPNT06-15_-_Malaysia.pdf

Seafood Watch Consulting Researcher (2015). Longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol); Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Thailand; Gillnets, Unassociated purse seine, Troll pole. Scandinavian Fishing Yearbook. http://www.seachoice.org/wpcontent/uploads/2015/11/MBA_ SeafoodWatch_Longtail_tuna_Report.pdf

Sulistyaningsih, R. K., Jatmiko, I., & Wujdi, A. (2014). Length frequency distribution and population parameters of Kawakawa (Euthynnus affinis Cantor, 1849) caught by Ppurse Seine in the Indian Ocean (A Case Study in Northwest Sumatera IFMA 572) (IOTC–2014–WPNT04–20). Meeting documents. Working Party on Neritic Tunas (WPNT), Indian Ocean Tuna Commission. https://www.iotc.org/sites/default/files/documents/2014/06/IOTC-2014-WPNT04-20_-_Kawakawa_length_freq_Indonesia.pdf

Syahida Kasim, N., Mat Jaafar, T. N. A., Mat Piah, R., Mohd Arshaad, W., Mohd Nor, S. A., Habib, A., Abd. Ghaffar, M., Sung, Y. Y., Danish-Daniel, M., & Tan, M. P. (2020). Recent Population Expansion of Longtail Tuna Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker, 1851) inferred from the mitochondrial DNA markers. PeerJ, 8:e9679. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9679

Wagiyo, K., Pane, A. R. P., & Chodrijah, U. (2018). Population parameter, biological aspect and fishing of Mackerel Tuna (Euthynnus affinis Cantor, 1849) in Malacca Strait. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia 23(4), 287. https://doi.org/10.15578/jppi.23.4.2017.287-297

Yasemi, M., Bajgan, A. N., & Parsa, M. (2017). Determining the growth and mortality parameters of Longtail Tuna (Thunnus tonggol Bleeker, 1851) using length frequency data in Coastal Waters of the Northern Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, Iran. International Aquatic Research 9, 215–224. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40071-017-0170-5

Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Musel*, J., Anuar, A., Darahman, S. N., & Rumpet, R. . (2023). Length-Weight Relationships and Condition Factors of Kawakawa Euthynnus affinis and Longtail Tuna Thunnus tonggol from Sarawak, Malaysia. Borneo Journal of Marine Science and Aquaculture (BJoMSA), 7, 55–66. https://doi.org/10.51200/bjomsa.v7i.3304
Total Views: 124 | Total Downloads: 113