ECONOMIC TRANSITION IN LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY MALAYA: MALAY ECONOMY IN MULTIETHNIC PERSPECTIVE

Authors

  • A Rahman Tang Abdullah Faculty of Humanities, Art and Heritage Universiti Malaysia Sabah

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51200/ejk.v22i.851

Keywords:

Economic transition, Malay economy, Malaya, Multiethnic

Abstract

This article discusses the economic aspect of the Malays in multiethnic perspective in Malaya in the late 19th century. It focuses on the central issue associated with the slow pace of Malay economic development and their reaction to the changing economic orientation from subsistence to capitalism. The main concern here is the assumption based on the general consensus that the involvement of the Malays in commercial activities in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was less eminent compared to other communities. This assumption is referred to the historical development which indicates that the immigrant Chinese community was closely associated with the economic development which had taken place in Malaya during this period. In another respect, the Malay economic activities as a whole were also manifested by the economic integration with the Europeans, the Chinese as well as the Muslim immigrant communities of Indians and Arabs. Nevertheless, it still gave the impression that the pace of economic change of the Malays was considerably slow by comparison to those immigrant communities. Accordingly, they were still unable to adapt themselves to the commercial orientation in their economic activities. This new phenomenon was necessary for them to penetrate into trade and commercial plantation which were dominated by Europeans and Chinese merchants and planters.

References

Abdullah b. Abd Kadir (Munsyi), 1966 Hikayat Abdullah, Vol. 2. Kuala Lumpur: Pustaka Antara.

Abdullah, A Rahman Tang. 2009. “Arab Hadhramis in Malaysia: Their Origins and Their Assimilation in the Malay Society.” Pp. 45-56 in Ahmed Ibrahim Abushouk and Hassan Ahmed Ibrahim (eds.), The Hadhrami Diaspora in Southeast Asia: Identity Maintenance or Assimilation? Leiden and Boston: Brill.

Abdullah, A Rahman Tang. 2011. “From Temenggong to Sultan: Abu Bakar and the Question of Legitimacy in the Malay Tradition.” pp. 1-35 in A Rahman Tang Abdullah (ed.), Tradition, Modernity and Islam: Revisiting History Across the Regions in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Kuala Lumpur: International Islamic University Malaysia Press

A. Samad Ahmad. 1979. Sulalatus Salatin Sejarah Melayu. Kuala Lumpur: DBP (Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka).

Allen, J. de V., Stockwell A. J. and WrightL. R. (eds.) 1981. A Collection of Treaties and Other Documents Affecting the States of Malaysia 1761-1963. Vol. I, London: Oceana Publication.

Bajunid, Sheikh Omar Farouk. “The Arabs in Penang”. pp. 1-16. Malaysia in History, Special Issue on Penang, Vol 21, 1971.

Barnard, Timothy P., Ed. 2004. Contesting Malayness: Malay Identity Across Boundaries. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

Brogan, Hugh 1990. The Penguin History of the United States of America. London: Penguine Book Ltd.

Brown, Rajeswary Ampalavanar. 1994. Capital and Entrepreneurship in Southeast Asia. Hampshire and London: MACMILLAN PRESS LTD. and New York: ST. MARTIN’S PRESS, INC.

Buckley, C. B. 1965. An Anecdotal History of Old Times in Singapore 1819-1867. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press.

Chai, Hon Chan. 1964. The Development of British Malaya 1876-1909. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Cowan, C. D. 1961. Nineteenth Century Malaya: The Origins of British Political Control. London: Oxford University Press.

Drabble, John H. 2000. An Economic History of Malaysia, c. 1800-1990: The Transition to Economic Growth. London: Macmillan Press Ltd.

Ekelund, Robert B. Jr. and Hebert, Robert F. 2007 (fifth edition). A History of Economic Theory and Method. (first published 1997) Long Grove, Illinois: Wave land Press, Inc.

Evers, Hans-Dieter, 2016. ‘Nusantara: History of a Concept’ pp. 3-14, Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (JMBRAS), Volume 89 Part 1 No. 310 June 2016

General Report Upon the Moslem Trusts and Foundations in Penang. 1932. Handbook of The Mohamedan and Hindu Endowments Board, Penang: Criterion Press.

Gullick, J.M. 1991. Malay Society in The Late Nineteenth Century: The Beginnings of Change. Singapore: Oxford University Press.

Hirschman, C. 1987. The Meaning and Measurement of Ethnicity in Malaysia: An Analysis of Census Classifications. The Journal of Asian Studies 46(3):555-582.

Jackson, James C. 1968. Planters and Speculators: Chinese and European Agricultural Enterprise in Malaya 1786-1921, Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Leo Suryadinata. 2007. Understanding the Ethnic Chinese in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS).

Lim, Chong Yah. 1967. Economic Development of Modern Malaya. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Lim, Teck Ghee. 1977. Peasants and Their Agricultural Economy in Colonial Malaya 1874-1941. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Mahani Musa and Badriyah Haji Salleh, 2013. “Muslim Merchants and Traders in Penang, 1860s-1970s” pp. 33-58, JMBRAS, VOL. 86, Part 2 (2013).

Maxwell, W. E. 1890. ‘The Ruling Family of Selangor’, Journal of Straits Branch of Royal Asiatic Society (JSBRAS), No. 22, (1890), p. 315-227.

Milner, A. C. 1995. The Invention of Politics in Colonial Malaya: Contesting Nationalism and the Expansion of the Public Sphere. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mohd. Fadzil Othman, (ed.) 1980. Kisah Pelayaran Mohammed Ibrahim Munsyi. Kuala Lumpur: DBP.

Nonini, Donald M. 1991. British Colonial Rule and the Resistance of the Malay Peasantry, 1900-1957, Monograph Series 38., Yale: Yale University Press.

North, Douglas C. 2005. Understanding the Process of EconomicChange. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Owen, Norman G. ed. 2005. The Emergence of Modern Southeast Asia: A New History. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Salina Haji Zainol, 2005. Hubungan Perdagangan Aceh dengan Pulau Pinang. Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit Universiti Malaya.

Sharom Ahmad, 1984. Tradition and Change in A Malay State: A Study of the Economic and Political Development of Kedah 1878-1923. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Branch of The Royal Asiatic Society (Mbras) Monograph no. 12, 1984, pp. 17-45, p. 17.

Sinclair, Keith. 1967. “Hobson and Lenin in Johore: Colonial Office Policy towards British Concessionaires and Investors’, 1878-1907”. pp. 335-52. Modern Asian Studies, Vol. I, pt. IV.

Skinner, A. M. 1884. Malay Peninsula, Borneo. Part I. Singapore: Eastern Geography.

Swettenham, F. A. 1948. British Malaya: An Account of the Origins and Progress of British Influence in Malaya. London: George Allen and Unwin.

Trocki, See. A. 1975. ‘The Johor Archives and the Kangchu System’. pp. 1-55. JMBRAS, Vol. 48, pt. I.

Trocki, C. A. 1979. Prince of Pirates: The Temenggongs and The Development of Johor and Singapore 1784-1885. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

Ueda, Toru. 2006. Pembinaan dan Perkembangan Konsep Native di Borneo Utara pada Zaman Kolonial. Akademika, 68: January 2006, 65-89.

Wong, David. 1975. Tenure and Land Dealings in the Malay States. Singapore: OUP.

Yegar, Moshe. 1979. Islam and Islamic Institution in British Malaya. Jerusalem: Hebrew University Press.`

Downloads

Published

2017-09-20

How to Cite

Abdullah, A. R. T. (2017). ECONOMIC TRANSITION IN LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY MALAYA: MALAY ECONOMY IN MULTIETHNIC PERSPECTIVE. Jurnal Kinabalu, 22. https://doi.org/10.51200/ejk.v22i.851
Total Views: 448 | Total Downloads: 485