PRELIMARY STUDIES OF DELAYS IN CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS
Keywords:construction, projects, delays, causes
Project delays are referred to a situation where the project is not completed within the schedule. Projects can be delayed for a large number of reasons and usually will contribute to the cost and time overruns. Project delays are considered as one of the common problems in the construction industry and usually, causing negative effects on the project in terms of performance, time and cost. In relation to the construction projects in Malaysia, the objectives of the study are as to identify the factors causing project delays and to suggest solutions to reduce project delays. The researcher conducted three (3) semi-structured interviews to collect data to achieve the objectives. The interview sessions were conducted among three contractors chosen from different companies to access about their experience involving the project delays. The respondents were requested to comment to the factors for project delays and to suggest approaches for overcoming the problems of project delays. The research findings indicate that financial constraints, delay in subcontractors’ works and improper project planning are the major causes of project delays. The findings of the research suggest that manage financial resources efficiently, clients to pay progress payment to contractors on time, effective communication between contractors and labours, motivate labours through proper training, and proper project planning can help to reduce project delays.
Ahmed, S. M., Azhar, S., Kappagntula, P., & Gollapudil, D. (2003). Delays in construction: A brief study of Florida Construction Industry. Proceedings of the 39th Annual ASC Conference (pp. 257 – 266), Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Aibinu, A., & Jagboro, G. (2002). The effects of construction delays on project in Nigeria construction industry. International Journal of Project Management, 20 (8), 593 – 599.
Alaghbari, W. A. M., Razali, M. A. K., Salim, A., & Ernawati. (2005). Factors affecting construction speed of industrialized
building systems in Malaysia (Master’s thesis). Universiti Putra Malaysia.
Alaghbari, W. E., Kadir, M. R. A., Salim, A., & Ernawati. (2007). The significant factors causing delay of building construction projects in Malaysia. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 14 (2), 192 – 206.
Alwi, S., & Hampson, K. D. (2003). Identifying the important causes of delays in building construction projects.
Arditi, D., Akan, G. T., & Gurdamar, S. (1985). Reasons for delays in public projects in Turkey. ConstrManage Econ, 3, 171 – 181.
Asif, A., S. (2009). Delay to projects – Cause, effect and measures to reduce/ eliminate delay by mitigation/ acceleration. Project Management Programme, Institution of Business, Dissertation.
Assaf, S. A., & Al-Hejji, S. (2006). Causes of delay in large construction projects. International Journal of Project Management, 349 – 357.
Barati, S., & Mohammadi, S. (2008). Enhancing risk management with an efficient risk identification approach, IEEE.
Chang, A. S. T. (2002). Reasons for cost and schedule increase for engineering design projects. Journal of Management in Engineering, 10 (1), 29 – 36.
Drewer, S. (2001). A perspective of the international construction system. Habitat International, 25, 69 – 79.
Elbeltagi, E., & Eng, P. (2009). Lecture notes on construction project management.
Endut, I. R., Akintoye, A., & Kelly, J. (2009). Cost and time overrun of projects in Malaysia. Retrieved from http://www.irbnet.de/daten/oconda/CIB10633.pdf
Fugar, F. D., & Agyakwah-Baah, A. B. (2010). Delays in building construction projects in Ghana. Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building, 10 (1/2), 103 – 116.
Gawad, M. A., & Fayek, A. R. (2008), Comparison of risk analysis techniques for capital construction projects.
Gibson, G. E., Wang, Y. R., Cho, C. S., & Pappas, M. P. (2006). What is pre-project planning, anyway? Journal of Management in Engineering, 22 (1), 35 – 42.
Haseeb, M., Xinhai-Lu, Aneesa Bibi, A., Maloofud-Dyian, & Rabbani, W. (2011). Problems of projects and effects of delays in the construction industry of Pakistan. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, 1 (5), 41 – 50.
Intan, D. M. (2012). The causes and effect of delay in construction industry project. Retrieved from http://umpir.ump.edu.my/7866/1/INTAN_DIANA_BINTI_MUSA.PDF
Nkado, R. N. (1995). Construction time-influencing factors: the contractors’ perspective. Retrieved from http://www.misronet.com/articles.htm
Odeh A. M., & Battaineh, H. T. (2002). Causes of construction delay: Traditional contracts. International Journal of Project Management, 20 (1), 67 – 73.
Oglesby, C., Parker, H., & Howell, G. (1989). Productivity improvement in construction. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Ogunlana, S. O., & Olomolaiye, P. O. (1989). A survey of site management practice on some selected sites in Nigeria. Building Environ, 24 (2), 191 – 196.
Okpala, D. C., & Aiekwu, A. N. (1988). Causes of high costs of construction in Nigeria. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 114 (2), 233 – 244.
Sambasivan, M., & Soon, Y. (2007). Causes and effects of delays in Malaysian construction industry. International Journal of Project Management, 25 (5), 517 – 526.
Sanders, D., & Eagles, W. D. (2001). Delay, disruption and acceleration claims. Borden Ladner Gervais, LLP.
Smith, G. R., & Bohn, C. M. (1999). Small to medium contractor contingency and assumption of risk. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 125 (2), 101 – 108.
Stumpf, G. (2000), Schedule delay analysis. Cost Engineering Journal, 42 (7), 32 – 43.
Sweis, G., Sweis., R., Hammad, A. A., & Shboul, A. (2008). Delays in construction projects: The case of Jordan. International Journal of Project Management, 26, 665 – 674.
Thomas H. R., & Ellis, R. D., Jr. (2007). Contractor Prebid Planning Principles. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management-ASCE, 133 (8), 542 – 552.
Thwala, D., & Phaladi, J. (2009). An Exploratory Study of Problems Facing Small Contractors in the North West Province of South Africa. African Journal of Business Management, 3 (10), 533 – 539.
Toor, S., & Ogunlana, S. O. (2008). Problems causing delays in major construction projects in Thailand. Construction Management and Economics, 26, 395 – 408.
Varghese, A. R., & Varghese, S. (2015). Analysis of Delays in Construction Projects. International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science, 3 (6), 108 – 112.
Wahab, K. A. (1997). Improving Efficiency in the Building Sector. West Africa Tech Rev, 81 – 89.