Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Prevention Among Mothers in Endemic and Non-Endemic Locations of Pekanbaru City, Riau Province, Indonesia

Authors

  • Tyagita Widya Sari
  • Martha Saptariza Yuliea Public Health Department, Faculty of Medical and Health Science, Universitas Abdurrab, Riau Ujung Street Number 73 Pekanbaru City, Riau Province, Indonesia, 28291
  • Novita Meqimiana Siregar Public Health Department, Faculty of Medical and Health Science, Universitas Abdurrab, Riau Ujung Street Number 73 Pekanbaru City, Riau Province, Indonesia, 28291
  • Raudhatul Muttaqin Public Health Department, Faculty of Medical and Health Science, Universitas Abdurrab, Riau Ujung Street Number 73 Pekanbaru City, Riau Province, Indonesia, 28291

Keywords:

knowledge, attitude, practice, dengue, endemic

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is an infectious disease caused by dengue virus, which is one of the serious public health problems in Indonesia, particularly Pekanbaru City, Riau Province, Indonesia. One of the DHF endemic locations in Pekanbaru City is Payung Sekaki Health Centre, where 52 DHF cases and no deaths were reported in 2018. The number of DHF cases has increased to 53 and caused 1 death in January-August 2019 period (CFR = 1.89%). Karya Wanita Rumbai Health Centre is one of the DHF non-endemic areas in Pekanbaru City, where only 10 DHF cases and no deaths were reported in January-August 2019 period. The purpose of this study was to compare the knowledge, attitude, and practice of DHF prevention between mothers in endemic and non-endemic areas of Pekanbaru City, Riau Province, Indonesia. The design of this study was observational, with a cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique used in this study was accidental sampling, which included 100 respondents from each region. The data source of this study consisted of primary and secondary data. Data analysis was performed using bivariate analysis with Mann Whitney statistical test because the data were not normally distributed. The results of the study showed that there were no differences in knowledge (p-value = 0.912) and attitude (p-value = 0.065) of DHF prevention between mothers living in the endemic and non-endemic areas of Pekanbaru City, Riau Province, Indonesia. However, there were differences in practice of DHF prevention between mothers (p-value = 0.002) living in the endemic and non-endemic areas of Pekanbaru City, Riau Province, Indonesia. The conclusion of this study is that there is no difference in knowledge and attitude of DHF prevention between mothers living in the endemic and non-endemic areas, but there are differences in DHF prevention practice between mothers living in the endemic and non-endemic areas of Pekanbaru City, Riau Province, Indonesia.

Published

2020-06-24