Public Health Response to Restore Polio Free Status in Malaysia

Authors

  • Richard Avoi UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SABAH
  • SYED SHARIZMAN SYED ABDUL RAHIM UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SABAH
  • Pasupuleti Visweswara Rao UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SABAH

Keywords:

polio, immunization, vaccine-derived poliovirus

Abstract

Malaysia started the polio immunization programme since 1972 and achieved polio-free

certification in 2000. After 27 years from the last reported polio case in 1992, on 8 December

2019, the Ministry of Health Malaysia announced the return of polio into the country when

the first polio case detected in Sabah involving a 3-month-old male child (Abdullah, N.H.,

2019). The child confirmed to be infected with vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (VDPV1)

which later classified as a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1). Further

test confirmed that the virus is genetically linked to poliovirus (PHL-NCR-2) circulating in

the southern Philippines (Alleman, M.M. et al., 2020). To date, a total of four polio cases

were confirmed in Sabah of which due to vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (VDPV1). The

vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (VDPV2) was also detected from environmental samples

taken from various locations in Sabah.

Published

2020-12-22