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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

Author Guidelines

Preparation of manuscripts

The text of the manuscript should be a Word. In general, the manuscript should be organised as follows: Title, followed by the full name(s) of author(s) and address(es), Abstract (should be less than 250 words), Keywords (not more than six (6) words) and Running Heading (not more than 50 characters), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion (Results and Discussion may be combined), Conclusion (if appropriate) and References. Acknowledgments (if any) may be included at the end of the text preceding the references cited. Tables and figures legends should be at the end of the manuscript. Each heading in the main text may be divided into sections and sub-sections (where appropriate). The placing of each table and figure should be indicated in the text. Each table and figure should be numbered according to the order of appearance in the text. The legends should be understandable to someone who has not read the text. Citations of references in the text are by author(s) and year of publication, e.g.:

one author: Smith (1998) or (Smith, 1998)

two authors: Smith & Gomez (1999) or (Smith & Gomez, 1999)

three authors: Smith et al. (1999) or (Smith et al., 1999) – “et al.” - not italic

multiple references when within parentheses (Smith, 1990, 1998; Liu, 1999a, b; 2000; Kon, 2004)

References should be arranged alphabetically according to authors' names and then by date. Journal names should be given in full. Use the following format in the reference section:

For Books, e.g.:

Begon M, Mortimer M. 1986. Population ecology: A unified study of animals and plants. (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications

For chapters in a book, e.g.:

Esau K. 1964. Structure and development of the bark in dicotyledons. In: Zimmermann MH. (ed.). The Formation of Wood in Forest Trees. New York: Academic Press

For paper in journals, e.g.:

Slater EE, Mackenzie NA, Nightingale N, Aken KM, Chai PPK. 1985. Habitat use, ranging behaviour and food habits of the proboscis monkey, Nasalis larvatus (Van Wrumb) in Sarawak. Primates 26: 436-451.


Submission of manuscripts

For initial submission of manuscript, upload a Word (.doc) file containing the complete paper. The front page should only contain the title, name of authors, affiliation, addresses, contact details, running heading, key words and corresponding author. Later, when submitting a revised article, upload a text file (Word) containing the revised text, references, tables and figure captions. This file should not include graphics. Figures need to be submitted in a separate file in JPG (.jpg) or TIFF (.tif) format. Filenames should clearly corresponds to the number (and part) of figure(s) enclosed in each file. Manuscripts should be submitted via email attachments to the Managing Editor. Alternatively, hardcopy of the manuscript in triplicates should be sent to the Managing Editor. All manuscripts are subjected to peer review.

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