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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines



  • Manuscripts submitted must be original and not published in any publication./ Manuskrip yang dihantar mestilah asli dan tidak diterbitkan dalam mana-mana penerbitan.
  • The number of words in the manuscript should not exceed 7,000 words, inclusive of abstract, references, tables, figures and appendices./ Jumlah perkataan dalam manuskrip tidak melebihi 7000 patah perkataan, termasuk abstrak, rujukan, jadual, rajah dan lampiran. 
  • The manuscript text uses Times New Roman 12-point font, 1.0 spacing, and is justified./ Teks manuskrip menggunakan fon Times New Roman 12 poin, langkau 1.0 dan justified

Click here to download [Title Page] and [Main Text]./ Klik sini untuk muat turun [Halaman Tajuk] dan [Teks Utama]. 

Attention/ Perhatian: Authors who retract reviewed manuscripts will be blacklisted from MANU publications for one year./ Penulis yang menarik semula manuskrip yang telah diwasit akan disenaraihitam daripada penerbitan MANU selama setahun.

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