HUBUNGAN PERSEKUTUAN-NEGERI DI SABAH PASCA PRU14: PROSPEK, ISU DAN CABARAN

FEDERAL-STATE RELATIONS IN SABAH POST GE14: PROSPECTS, ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

Authors

  • Ramli Dollah
  • Eko Prayitno Joko
  • Nordin Sakke
  • Suhaimi Salleh
  • Mohammad Faizal Rashid

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51200/ejk.vi.1655

Keywords:

Negeri, Persekutuan, Sabah, Kelangsungan, Malaysia, State, Federal, Survival

Abstract

Sejak pembentukan Persekutuan Malaysia pada 16 September 1963 sehingga Pilihan Raya Umum Ke-14 (PRU-14) pada 2018, ramai yang melihat bahawa kerajaan pusat di bawah pentadbiran Barisan Nasional (BN) cuba menggunakan segala mekanisme yang ada untuk mewujudkan kawalan yang ketat ke atas negeri. Dalam masa yang sama berusaha untuk menumpukan kuasa di Kuala Lumpur/Putrajaya. Oleh itu, artikel ini cuba untuk melihat perkembangan pasca PRU14 di Malaysia dengan menumpukan kepada hubungan negeri Sabah dan Persekutuan. Selain daripada beberapa isu hangat yang mendominasi hubungan persekutuan-negeri sejak beberapa dekad di bawah pentadbiran BN, para penulis menghujahkan bahawa terdapat beberapa isu lain yang perlu diberikan perhatian dalam memastikan kelangsungan pemerintahan negeri di bawah gabungan Parti Warisan Sabah (PWS)-Pakatan Harapan (PH)-UPKO (PWS-PH-UPKO). Dalam hal ini, para penulis berhujah bahawa, berdasarkan kepada pengalaman PRU-14, kelangsungan kerajaan negeri ditentukan oleh dua faktor utama; luaran dan dalaman. Faktor luaran merujuk kepada bagaimana dasar-dasar yang dijalankan oleh kerajaan pusat mempengaruhi persepsi rakyat kepada pentadbiran kerajaan negeri. Manakala faktor dalaman merujuk kepada sejauh mana kerajaan negeri berjaya melaksanakan dasar-dasar yang memberi kesan kepada penduduk negeri Sabah. Oleh itu, artikel ini menghujahkan bahawa cabaran lebih besar menanti dalam hubungan negeri-persekutuan pasca PRU-14 terutamanya dalam memastikan kelangsungan pemerintahan di peringkat negeri dan persekutuan.

Abstract
Since the establishment of the Federation of Malaysia on September 16, 1963 until the 14th General Election (GE-14) in 2018, many see that the federal government under the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration had used all available mechanisms to control over the state and at the same time was working to concentrate power to Kuala Lumpur/Putrajaya. Therefore, this paper attempts to investigate the post-GE-14 development in Malaysia with particular attention to the relations between Sabah and the Federal Government. This paper argues that, in addition to the ongoing issues that dominated federal-state relations for several decades since BN's rules in Sabah, there are several other issues that need to be addressed to ensure the survival of the current state government under the Parti Warisan Sabah (PWS)-Pakatan Harapan (PH)-UPKO (PWS-PH-UPKO) coalition. In this regard, the authors argue that, based on GE-14 experience, the survival of the state government was largely determined by two major factors, external and internal. The external factor refers to how the policies implemented by the federal government are impacting on the perception of Sabahan towards the state government. Meanwhile, the internal factor refers to how effective the state government is in implementing policies that cater to the needs of Sabahans. Hence, this paper argues that post-GE-14, greater challenges await the state-federal relations particularly in ensuring the survival of the state and federal governments.

Author Biographies

Ramli Dollah

Fakulti Kemanusiaan, Seni & Warisan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Eko Prayitno Joko

Fakulti Kemanusiaan, Seni & Warisan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Nordin Sakke

Fakulti Kemanusiaan, Seni & Warisan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Suhaimi Salleh

Fakulti Kemanusiaan, Seni & Warisan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Mohammad Faizal Rashid

Fakulti Kemanusiaan, Seni & Warisan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

 

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Published

2019-01-06

How to Cite

Dollah, R., Joko, E. P., Sakke, N., Salleh, S., & Faizal Rashid, M. (2019). HUBUNGAN PERSEKUTUAN-NEGERI DI SABAH PASCA PRU14: PROSPEK, ISU DAN CABARAN: FEDERAL-STATE RELATIONS IN SABAH POST GE14: PROSPECTS, ISSUES AND CHALLENGES. Jurnal Kinabalu, 351. https://doi.org/10.51200/ejk.vi.1655
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