ISU PENYELUDUPAN DI PULAU SEBATIK, MALAYSIA

SMUGGLING ISSUE IN SEBATIK ISLAND, MALAYSIA

Authors

  • WAN SHAWALUDDIN WAN HASSAN Program Hubungan Antarabangsa, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah 88400 Kota Kinabalu Sabah
  • AMRULLAH MARAINING Program Sejarah, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah 88400 Kota Kinabalu Sabah
  • RAMLI DOLLAH Program Hubungan Antarabangsa, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah 88400 Kota Kinabalu Sabah

Keywords:

Sebatik, Pemerdagangan Manusia, Rasuah, Sabah, Smuggling, human trafficking, corruption, Malaysia

Abstract

ABSTRAK Makalah ini membincangkan penyeludupan yang berlaku di Pulau Sebatik, sebuah pulau yang dikongsi bersama oleh Malaysia-Indonesia. Tumpuan diberikan kepada penyeludupan dadah, senjata dan teroris serta pemerdagangan manusia dan pendatang tanpa izin (PTI) yang berlaku di pulau tersebut. Kedudukan Pulau Sebatik yang sangat ideal membolehkan penyeludupan dilakukan oleh pihak sindiket mahupun individu serta ditambah lagi dengan beberapa faktor seperti rasuah, kurangnya kawalan pihak keselamatan Malaysia, jaringan sosial serta kejauhan jarak antara Pulau Sebatik (Indonesia)-Jakarta. Dengan menggunakan kaedah kualitatif, data diperoleh melalui temu bual dan pemerhatian di lapangan serta rujukan buku, tesis, artikel jurnal, akhbar di samping laman web agensi kerajaan. Dapatan kajian mendapati dadah yang di seludup melalui Pulau Sebatik hanya sekitar 10 peratus sahaja, namun kemudiannya disebarkan sehingga ke Sulawesi Selatan. Pulau ini digunakan sebagai laluan bagi aktiviti kumpulan radikal di Indonesia mendapatkan latihan serta menyokong pihak yang tertindas di selatan Filipina di samping menyeludup senjata dari selatan Filipina ke Indonesia; dan sindiket pemerdagangan orang dan PTI mengambil peluang kerana menyedari ramai rakyat dari Indonesia yang mahu masuk ke Sabah untuk bekerja.

 

ABSTRACT This paper discusses smuggling activities taking place on Sebatik Island, an island that is shared by Malaysia-Indonesia. The focus is on drug smuggling, weapons smuggling and its links to terrorists organisations/cells, as well as human trafficking in which the Indonesian-migration border has been described as largest clandestine migrant flows in the world. The island’s geographic position compounded by corruption, lack of control by Malaysian security, social network and Sebatik (Indonesia)-Jakarta distance, makes it ideal for smuggling syndicates and individuals. The findings were found by using qualitative methods with data obtained through interviews, field observations as well as books, theses, journal articles, newspapers as well as government agency websites. The results of the study found that drugs through Sebatik were only 10 per cent but it was then spread all the way to South Sulawesi; radical groups in Indonesia use Sebatik to obtain training and provide support to those oppressed in the southern Philippines while at the same time, weapons are being smuggled from the Philippines to Indonesia; and human trafficking syndicates prey on Indonesians who are desperate for job opportunities in Malaysia. These criminal activities of smugglers clearly undermine the capacity of states to safeguard their own sovereignty.

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TEMU BUAL

Bahagian Pemerdagangan Manusia pada 20 Jun 2018. Bertempat di IPD Tawau, Sabah.

Bahagian Narkotik pada 20 Jun 2018. Bertempat di IPD Tawau, Sabah

Atase Polis pada 21 Jun 2018. Bertempat di Konsulat Republik Indonesia di Tawau, Sabah.

Suriyansah Hj Kassau pada 9 September 2019. Bertempat di Borneo Royale Hotel, Tawau, Sabah.

Published

2020-12-23

How to Cite

WAN HASSAN, W. S., MARAINING, A. ., & DOLLAH, R. (2020). ISU PENYELUDUPAN DI PULAU SEBATIK, MALAYSIA: SMUGGLING ISSUE IN SEBATIK ISLAND, MALAYSIA. Jurnal Kinabalu, 355. Retrieved from https://jurcon.ums.edu.my/ojums/index.php/ejk/article/view/2784

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